Writing Resources

Writing Guides


Academic Honesty

Work Projects


 Writing Guides

These links will take you to the Purdue University Online Writing Lab's excellent resources for writing many different types of academic papers.

Emerald also has some very useful guides to academic writing and publishing.


  • What is plagiarism? Plagiarism is defined as taking someone's words or ideas and presenting them as your own original work. Plagiarism can be avoided by appropriately citing original authors and information sources. For more information on how to cite, paraphrase, and quote in your work, take a look at this resource from plagiarism.org
    Nova SBE uses Turnitin to check for plagiarism on all work projects and theses. Faculty may request an instructor account to use with classroom assignments. Masters and PhD students are required to submit their theses to Turnitin. Find specific information on the work project area of Moodle to try a test submission and to submit your final version.
    Many Nova SBE professors utilize Turnitin via Moodle for classroom assignments

  • Academic Honesty / Honor Code: 

    Any instance of cheating diminishes the NOVA brand and is a violation of other students right to fairness and justice. Instances of cheating include:
    • Plagiarism - NOVA has a strict policy against the deliberate reproducing of work of another person or institution without acknowledgement. All sources used for any piece of work should be fully referenced and acknowledged
    • Unlawful Collusion – Collusion between students in the production of materials included in the grading process, whether taking place in the classroom or at home, other than teamwork explicitly assigned by the teacher in unlawful is not allowed. Students are expected to complete their own work.
    • Unlawful Copying – Copying from another student’s examination, with or without his/her consent, using course material during a closed book exam, submitting the same work for more than one course without prior permission of both instructors, violating any examination recommendations or any rules relating to academic conduct of a course, unauthorized use of cell phones, calculators, dictionary, books, computer during an examination, are instances of unlawful copying.

    When there is any suspicion of cheating in any form, the instructor will refer the student(s) to the Director of Masters Studies. The Director will gather the facts and, if their seriousness is confirmed, refer the matter to the Masters Pedagogical Council (MPC). The MPC will hear the facts and confront the student(s), less than 10 days after the event. The Council will decide on an immediate punishment, under the Director’s suggestion. The minimum sanction will be the failure in the course, and maximum sanction will be expulsion from the program. The MPC will also discuss if there are attenuating circumstances that thwart the case from being referred to the “Disciplinary Council” of the University. If the MPC fails to agree on such circumstances, the case will be automatically referred to the Disciplinary Council. In case of repeated transgressions, confirmed by the MPC, the sanction should be strongly incremental.


Work Projects: Where do I start? 

1. Identify & develop your topic

Once you have framed your research think about important keywords, subjects, and sources that will lead you to the results you need. Write them down so that you can use them when researching.

2. Find background information

Look up your keywords in the periodical databases and note any other terms that might be useful. Note any relevant items in the bibliographies at the end of encyclopedia articles, journal articles, or course provided resources. Additional background information may be found in your lecture notes, textbooks, and reserve readings.

3. Use the library catalog to find books and media

Use guided keyword searching to find materials by topic or subject. Print or write down the citation (author, title,etc.) and the location information (call number and library). Note the circulation status. When you pull the book from the shelf, scan the bibliography for additional sources.

4. Use library databases to find periodical articles (If you are off-site and want remote access to these resources see our Remote Access Configuration page)

Start with b-On, a resource that can search multiple periodical resources at once. Pay attention to what databases have the most relevant content and then move your search to the individual database for best searching flexibility.

5. Find Internet resources

Remember the three steps when evaluating a website: 1. Who said it? 2. When did they say it? How did they know?

6. Evaluate what you find

Depending on how much you have you may need to broaden or narrow your search. Our librarians can help you with this process. You can also view some search techniques for our online periodical resources on our Search Strategies page.

7. Cite what you find using a standard format

Give credit where credit is due. By citing your work you are demonstrating the resources you have used in your research and are allowing others to duplicate your research so that they can easily find the same material.

--These steps are adapted from Cornell University's 7 Steps of the Research Process



Accessing NOVA Business & Economics School´s resources from Home (Remote Access Configuration)


Reference or Citation Styles 

These are citation or reference styles frequently used at Nova SBE. *If you are compiling your references make sure to use citation sofware (below) that can help you to manage, organize, and add in-text citations and bibliographies in a variety of citation styles.

American Economics Review (AER) Guidelines and style examples

(AER) uses the Chicago Author-Date style for all common types of publications. (See examples below) The library owns the 16th ed. of the Chicago Manual of Style: call number A29-007(16a).


One author

Kotler, Philip. 2009. Kotler on Marketing. New York: The Free Press.

(Kotler 2009, 99–100)

Two or more authors

Provost, Foster, and Tom Fawcett. 2013. Data Science for Business: What You Need to Know about Data Mining and Data-Analytic Thinking. Sebastapol: O’Reilley Media, Inc.

(Provost and Fawcett 2013, 52)

Chapter or other part of a book

Tortajada, Cecilia. 2014. “Water Resources: An Evolving Landscape.” In International Development: Ideas, Experience, & Prospects, edited by Bruce Currie-Alder, Ravi Kanbur, David M. Malone, and Rohinton Medhora, 67–83. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

(Tortajada 2015, 67)

Journal article

Denis, David J., and Igor Osobov. 2008. “Why Do Firms Pay Dividends? International Evidence on the Determinants of Dividend Policy.” Journal of Financial Economics 89 (1): 62–82. doi:10.1016/j.jfineco.2007.06.006.

(Denis and Osobov 2008, 65)


European Commission. 2016. “Fighting Tax Evasion: The European Union and the Principality of Monaco Initial New Tax Transparency Agreement.” Accessed March 30. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-381_en.htm.

(European Commission 2016)

Commercial Database

Euromonitor International. 2015. “Internet Retailing in Portugal: March 2015.” Retrieved from Passport database http://www.portal.euromonitor.com.

(Euromonitor International 2015)




Citation Management Software 

Citation software can help you keep track of articles, websites, and more as you gather information. Most periodical databases allow users to export records from their databases into easily manageable citatation software. Citation software can range in price. Consult each provider to see which resource is right for you. Many of the providers provide a free-trial. Researchers can often use these tools to generate bibliographies and references. Student pricing is available with some of the providers.

EndNote Web: Create a free account (must be on campus to create your free account). Go to Web of Science > Click on top menu for Endnote > Sign-up for an account

Mendeley (free) Generate citations and bibliographies in Microsoft Word, OpenOffice, and LaTeX. Read and annotate in PDFs. Mendeley allows syncing across a desktop, web, and mobile version

Zotero (free) is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources.